Posts Categorized: For Educators

Less College Aid for Students in Territory than in States

Puerto Rico has “the sixth highest rate of college enrollment in the world,” according to a claim of the ‘commonwealth’ party administration of the territorial government.  The claim would only be true, however, if Puerto Rico were a nation. It is, in fact, a territory of the United States. The U.S. college enrollment rate in… Read more »

Early Childhood Educators Explain Problems and Goals of Puerto Rico Education

Puerto Rico’s budget problems threaten resources of early childhood education at a time when need for them appears to be growing.  As members of Puerto Rico’s early childhood community have explained, “[i]f births are healthy and well timed, children’s health and development are “on track,” families are supported and supportive, and these efforts are sustained… Read more »

A Clear Explanation of the Territories of the United States

As this video explains, Puerto Rico is an organized, unincorporated territory of the U.S., containing 91% of the people living in all of the U.S. territories and more people than in 21 of the States. As the video further explains, Puerto Ricans are citizens of the United States “and the U.S. treats Puerto Rico as… Read more »

Tennessee Law Journal Analyzes Puerto Rico’s Territorial Status

A forthcoming article by Willie Santana in the Spring 2014 issue of the Tennessee Journal of Law & Policy examines Puerto Rico’s relationship with the United States and the history of U.S. territories in general. Santana’s exploration of the path to statehood of the current states in the U.S. reveals a standard path followed by… Read more »

A Page from History: Imperfect Colony in 1903

“American rule has not yet made our new colonies as perfect as some people would have us believe,” begins an article in the Sacred Heart Review from 1903. The article, transcribed below, concerns a hospital for sufferers from leprosy, or Hansen’s disease. Whatever the details of the scandal, the first sentence holds a message for… Read more »

Will School Consolidation Help Puerto Rico?

Puerto Rico’s Department of Education has announced a plan to close 100 schools. The numbers of people leaving Puerto Rico for the mainland and the aging population have reduced the numbers of school children significantly,  and a strong preference for private schools has added to the drop in public school enrollment. Consolidation of schools is… Read more »

Early Puerto Rican Military Leadership: Teófilo Marxuach and WWI

The first military unit in the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico was established on March 2, 1899, less than a year after the July 25, 1898, incursion of U.S. forces into Puerto Rico as Spain ceded the island to the United States under the Treaty of Paris. That first military unit was the Puerto Rico Regiment… Read more »

Carmen Garcia Rosado: Soldier and Activist

Carmen Garcia Rosado was one of the first women to join the Women’s Army Corps (WAC) in World War II. She was a member of the Puerto Rican WAC unit, Company 6, 2nd Battalion, 21st Regiment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. Rosado, an educator, wrote LAS WACS-Participacion de la Mujer Boricua en la Segunda… Read more »

A Page from History: The Porto Rico Census of 1899

In 1899, Puerto Rico, or Porto Rico as it was then commonly called, was newly under U.S. control. A census gave the numbers of inhabitants, dividing them into men and women, age groups, and ethnicity. Foreign born residents were identified, as well. Of these, nearly all were Spanish, though there were a few people born… Read more »

Reconsidering the Insular Cases

Harvard Law Today, a popular blog of Harvard Law School, has published a summary of the recent conference that examined the Insular Cases, a series of Supreme Court decisions regarding the territories ceded to the United States by Spain at the end of the 19th century, including Puerto Rico. Panelists at the Harvard symposium acknowledged that… Read more »